What if Brazil had industrialized while keeping its culture in tact.What if Pedro the II, during his rein as emperor also set out a plan for Brazil’s future through a more aggressive colonization plan and a Ataturk-like path was paved as a reaction to a stronger United States which has annexed parts of northern Mexico and annexed most of Canada. Through continuing to focus on Latin America(South America) he would expand Brazil’s border to geographically secure locations, colonize them aggressively, keep up the industrialization, while either deporting or relocating undesirable culture to different locations or country’s, Isolating the nation to mostly South America. Pedro would also get them and the US to enter in an alliance. Around the the time the two country’s would end slavery(the US would abolish it in the mid 80’s) Pedro would have amped up the industrialization and would crush rebellions by the white coffee slavers, giving the confiscated land to be either used for industrialization, to loyal coffee farmers, or to just redistribute. Nearing the 90’s he would retire and let his son (Who survived) to be the next emperor.
As time went on America and Brazil would become closer allies, being the most dominant powers in the America’s. Brazil dominating South America, as America dominated the rest of Latin America.
Both nation being closer through their history of being owned by another empire and breaking off to form there own nation. Both having a strong adherence to individual rights while practicing there own forms of classical liberalism and other such enlightenment ideals.
As the Cold War takes off both take up an anti communist approach abroad but Brazil convincing America to focus more on domestic issues and to help with country’s that are closer and easier to defend. There is no vietnam war and so much more of Asia (minus japan and all of Korea) becomes influenced by communism, but and the US stays culturally strong. With Brazil eventually taking more power away from the monarchy and creating its own constitutional Monarchy